Educational Resources

The DYSCERNE project is developing a series of educational tools, the aim of which is to guide and educate clinicians throughout Europe on various aspects of dysmorphology and encourage their use in clinical practice and in training.

Here is a list of future tools that are currently under development, managed by our project manager:

1. Dysmorphology Photo Library: A comprehensive photo database of dysmorphic features and syndromes, designed to aid in diagnosis and decision-making.

2. Dysmorphology Online Course: An interactive online course covering the basics of dysmorphology and common dysmorphic features, aimed at educating clinicians and medical students. Of course, students have little time for additional training, webinars. Therefore, only after completing this course, each participant will be able to order a  pharmacy college essay via the link

3. Dysmorphology Atlas: A visual guide to the diagnosis of dysmorphic features and syndromes, with detailed descriptions and accompanying illustrations.

4. Dysmorphology Quiz: An educational tool that challenges clinicians to identify dysmorphic features and syndromes based on photographs and clinical descriptions.

5. Dysmorphology Teaching Modules: A series of educational modules designed to provide clinicians with a comprehensive understanding of the diagnosis and management of dysmorphic syndromes.

The tools are in the format of Pdf Documents which allow the user to follow the pages sequentially or navigate using links on the contents page to specific sections of interest. Each tool also has several links to reference information along with downloadable proformas for practical use in the clinical setting.

The first title ‘How to examine a fetus with congenital abnormality’ has been completed and is now available.
A poster on this educational tool was presented at ESHG 2009 and the full contents list is available to view here
The aim is to provide guidance on how to examine a fetus with congenital abnormality and/ or dysmorphic features and how to interpret the findings. It is aimed at clinical geneticists, paediatricians, obstetricians, pathologist and radiologists.
If you wish to have access to this educational tool, please register by contacting the  with the following information:
                        Email address
                        Current position
                        Institution name & address (including country)
                        Speciality (e.g. clinical genetics/ cardiology etc)
Please note:
Registration is free.
You do not have to be a DYSCERNE Network member to register.
We will treat all personal information as confidential and will not pass your details onto any third parties.
We may contact you in the future with updates on the DYSCERNE project.  Please see the DYSCERNE data protection statement for more details.
Other titles currently being developed include ‘Examination of a dysmorphic infant’.

If you have already registered with DYSCERNE to access the Educational Tool you can log on here

Winter-Baraitser Dysmorphology Database

With the kind permission of Michael Baraitser, the list of features and definitions from the Winter-Baraitser Database (formerly the London Medical Database, is available here.

Orphanet Thesaurus
To access the Orphanet thesaurus of Clinical signs and symptoms please click here


American Journal of Medical genetics terminology papers


With the kind permission of John Wiley & Sons Inc. Please click on the links below to access the terminology papers from the American journal of Medical Genetics

Carey JC. 2009. Editorial comment: Editor's foreword to a special issue Elements of Morphology: Standard Terminology. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:1

Allanson JE, Biesecker LG, Carey JC, Hennekam RCM. 2009. Elements of morphology: Introduction. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:2–5.
Allanson JE, Cunniff C, Hoyme HE, McGaughran J, Muenke M, Neri G. 2009. Elements morphology: Standard of terminology for the head and face. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:6–28.
Hall BD, Graham JM Jr., Cassidy SB, Opitz JM. 2009. Elements of morphology: Standard Terminology for the periorbital region. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:29–39.
Hunter A, Frias J, Gillessen-Kaesbach G, Hughes H, Jones K, Wilson L. 2009. Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the ear. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:40–60.
Hennekam RCM, Cormier-Daire V, Hall J, Méhes K, Patton M, Stevenson R. 2009. Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the Nose and philtrum. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:61–76.
Carey JC, Cohen MM Jr., Curry CJR, Devriendt K, Holmes LB, Verloes A. 2009. Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the lips, mouth, and oral region. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:77–92.
Biesecker LG, Aase JM, Clericuzio C, Gurrieri F, Temple IK, Toriello H. 2009. Elements of morphology: Standard terminology for the hands and feet. Am J Med Genet Part A 149A:93–127.